Anarchy is defined here as rejection of the state.
There are some other widely distributed definitions, as the rejection of every form of hierarchy, rulership or power. Especially left-wing anarchists (anarcho-socialists, anarcho-communists) often require a rejection of capitalism and want to exclude anarcho-capitalists from anarchy.
The concept of anarchy proposed here clearly does not exclude anarcho-capitalists. On the other hand, it does not exclude anarcho-communists too (except those who name themself anarcho-communists but do not accept the Golden Rule).
Once we have defined anarchy as the rejection of the state, we need a definition of the state. We define the state as an organization which requires legal monopoly rights (for example of force, taxation) and therefore violates the Golden Rule. This definition has several advantages:
- It is operational, based on properties of the organization. This decreases the danger of misuse: you cannot create "anarchy" by renaming the state into "commune", "soviet", "peoples power" and so on: as long as it requires monopoly rights, it remain to be a state.
- It includes the moral justification for the rejection of the state: The Golden Rule is the a very fundamental ethical rule, it is accepted as obligatory (for people) almost universally, and a rejection of this rule therefore clearly amoral.
- There are organizations which are not states in the sense of this definition. There are even a lot of them – usual capitalistic corporations, usual political parties, usual organizations, clubs, and so on. So, attempts to justify the state by comparing it with such civilized organizations can be rejected in a straightforward way.
- One could argue that the definition contains not only states, but also other criminal organizations (terrorist gangs, the mafia). But these are simply organizations who try to become states but have not been able to reach their aim. In an anarchistic society they are dangerous enemies. So, anarchy has to fight them, to defend itself against them, in the same way as against states.